Component: (Network and Table)
129 - Disclosure - Significant Accounting Policies (Policies)
TableStatement [Table]
Slicers (applies to each fact value in each table cell)
Statement [Line Items]Period [Axis]
2011-11-01 - 2012-10-31
Fiscal Year

Fiscal Year:

The Company’s fiscal year-end is October 31.

Principles of Consolidation

Principles of Consolidation:

The consolidated financial statements include the accounts of all subsidiaries. All significant intercompany transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.

Revenue Recognition

Revenue Recognition:

The Company recognizes revenue when products are shipped and the customer takes ownership and assumes risk of loss, which is primarily on the date of shipment, collection of the relevant receivable is probable, persuasive evidence of an arrangement exists and the sales price is fixed and determinable. Concurrently, the Company records reductions to revenue for estimated returns and customer rebates, promotions or other incentive programs that are estimated using historical experience and current economic trends. Material differences may result in the amount and timing of net sales for any period if management makes different judgments or uses different estimates.

Cost of Sales

Cost of Sales:

The most significant components of cost of sales are materials, including packaging, fixed manufacturing costs, labor, depreciation, inbound freight charges, utility costs used in the manufacturing process, any inventory adjustments, including LIFO adjustments, purchasing and receiving costs, research and development costs, quality control costs, and warehousing costs.



Delivery costs represent all costs incurred by the Company for shipping and handling of its products to the customer, including transportation costs paid to third party shippers.

Selling, General & Administrative

Selling, General & Administrative:

Selling and general and administrative expenses consist primarily of personnel costs (including salaries, bonuses, commissions and employee benefits), facilities and equipment costs and other support costs including utilities, insurance and professional fees.

Cash and Cash Equivalents

Cash and Cash Equivalents:

The Company considers all highly liquid investments purchased with an initial maturity of three months or less to be cash equivalents.

Accounts Receivable

Accounts Receivable:

Trade accounts receivable are recorded at the invoice amount and do not bear interest. The allowance for doubtful accounts is the Company’s best estimate of the amount of probable credit losses in the Company’s existing accounts receivable. The Company determines the allowance based on historical write-off experience and an evaluation of the likelihood of success in collecting specific customer receivables. The Company reviews its allowance for doubtful accounts monthly. Past due balances over 90 days and over a specified amount are reviewed individually for collectability. Account balances are charged off against the allowance after all means of collection have been exhausted and potential for recovery is considered remote. In addition, the Company maintains allowances for customer returns, discounts and invoice pricing discrepancies, primarily based on historical experience. The Company does not have any off-balance-sheet exposure related to its customers.

Use of Estimates

Use of Estimates:

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, the disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. These estimates and assumptions are based on management’s best estimates and judgment. Management evaluates its estimates and assumptions on an ongoing basis using historical experience and other factors, including the current economic environment, which management believes to be reasonable under the circumstances. The Company adjusts such estimates and assumptions when facts and circumstances dictate. Volatility in the credit, equity, and foreign currency markets and in the world markets for petroleum and natural gas, and declines in consumer spending have combined to increase the uncertainty inherent in such estimates and assumptions. As future events and their effects cannot be determined with precision, actual results could differ significantly from these estimates. Changes in estimates resulting from continuing changes in the economic environment will be reflected in the financial statements in future periods, as necessary.

The Company’s significant estimates include those related to product returns, customer rebates and incentives, doubtful accounts, inventories, including LIFO inventory valuations, acquisitions, including fair value estimates related to the Webster acquisition, pension obligations, incurred but not reported medical claims, litigation and contingency accruals, income taxes, including valuation of deferred income taxes and assessment of unrecognized tax benefits for uncertain tax positions, share-based compensation and impairment of long-lived assets and intangibles, including goodwill.

Property, Plant and Equipment

Property, Plant and Equipment:

Property, plant and equipment are stated at cost and at fair value for acquisitions. Depreciation and amortization are computed using the straight-line method over the estimated useful lives of the assets. The cost of property, plant and equipment and the related accumulated depreciation and amortization are removed from the accounts upon the retirement or disposal of such assets and the resulting gain or loss is recognized at the time of disposition. Maintenance and repairs that do not improve efficiency or extend economic life are charged to expense as incurred.



The Company operates certain warehousing facilities, office buildings and machinery and equipment under operating leases with terms greater than one year and with minimum lease payments associated with these agreements. Rent expense is recognized on a straight-line basis over the expected lease term. Within the provisions of certain leases are predetermined fixed escalations of the minimum rental payments over the base lease term (none of the leases contain lease concessions, including capital improvement funding, or contingent rental clauses). The effects of the escalations have been reflected in rent expense on a straight-line basis over the lease term, and the difference between the recognized rental expense and the amounts payable under the lease is recorded as deferred lease payments. The amortization period for leasehold improvements is the term used in calculating straight-line rent expense or their estimated economic life, whichever is shorter.

Impairment Charges

Impairment Charges:

Property, plant and equipment, and purchased intangibles subject to amortization, are reviewed for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of an asset may not be recoverable. Recoverability of assets to be held and used is measured by a comparison of the carrying amount of an asset to estimated undiscounted future cash flows expected to be generated by the asset. If the carrying amount of an asset exceeds its estimated undiscounted future cash flows, an impairment charge is recognized for the amount by which the carrying amount of the asset exceeds the fair value of the asset. Fair value is determined based on discounted cash flows, recent buy offers or appraised values, depending on the nature of the asset. Assets to be disposed of are separately presented in the consolidated balance sheets and reported at the lower of the carrying amount or the fair value less costs to sell, and are no longer depreciated. The asset and liabilities of a disposed group, classified as held for sale, are presented separately in the appropriate asset and liability sections of the consolidated balance sheet.

Foreign Currency Translation

Foreign Currency Translation:

Financial statements of international subsidiaries are translated into U.S. dollars using the exchange rate at each balance sheet date for assets and liabilities and the weighted average exchange rate for each period for revenues, expenses, gains and losses. Translation adjustments are recorded as a separate component of accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) in the consolidated balance sheets and foreign currency transaction gains and losses are recorded in other income (expense) in the consolidated statements of operations.

Derivative Instruments

Derivative Instruments:

The Company enters into derivative financial instruments to manage exposures arising in the normal course of business. The Company enters into foreign exchange forward contracts primarily to hedge intercompany transactions and forecasted purchases. Foreign currency forward contracts reduce the Company’s exposure to the risk that the eventual cash inflows and outflows, resulting from these intercompany and third party trade transactions denominated in a currency other than the functional currency, will be adversely affected by changes in exchange rates. Foreign exchange forward contracts generally have maturities of less than six months and relate primarily to the Canadian dollar. The Company also enters into interest rate swap contracts to economically convert a variable-rate debt to a fixed-rate debt. The Company does not apply hedge accounting for foreign exchange forward contracts and interest rate swaps and as a result, these hedging instruments are adjusted to fair value through income and expense.

Research and Development Costs

Research and Development Costs:

Research and development costs are charged to expense as incurred and included in cost of sales in the consolidated statements of operations. Research and development costs were $2.1 million, $2.1 million and $1.8 million during fiscal 2012, 2011 and 2010, respectively.



The Company uses the acquisition method of accounting for all business combinations (whether full, partial or step acquisition). In applying the acquisition method, the Company determines the fair value of the acquired business as of the acquisition date and recognize the fair value of the acquired assets and liabilities assumed. Any excess of fair value of acquired net assets over the acquisition consideration results in a gain on bargain purchase and is recognized in earnings on the acquisition date. Any excess of the acquisition consideration over the fair value of acquired net assets is recognized as goodwill. Any adjustments to the fair values assigned to the assets acquired and the liabilities assumed during the measurement period, which may be up to one year from the acquisition date, has a corresponding offset to the gain on bargain purchase or goodwill. The acquisition costs will generally be expensed as incurred and restructuring costs will be expensed

Share-Based Compensation

Share-Based Compensation:

The Company recognizes in the financial statements all costs resulting from share-based payment transactions at their fair values. Compensation cost for the portion of the awards for which the requisite service had not been rendered is recognized in the consolidated statements of operations over the remaining service period based on the award’s original estimate of fair value.

Income Taxes

Income Taxes:

Income taxes are accounted for using the asset and liability method. Such approach results in the recognition of deferred tax assets and liabilities for the expected future tax consequences of temporary differences between the book carrying amounts and the tax basis of assets and liabilities. Valuation allowances are established where expected future taxable income, the reversal of deferred tax liabilities and development of tax strategies does not support the realization of the deferred tax assets.

The Company recognizes in its consolidated financial statements the impact of a tax position if that position is more likely than not of being sustained based on the technical merits of the position. There is a two-step approach for evaluating uncertain tax positions. Step one, recognition, requires a company to determine if the weight of available evidence indicates that a tax position is more likely than not to be sustained upon audit, including resolution of related appeals or litigation processes, if any. Step two, measurement, is based on the largest amount of benefit, which is more likely than not to be realized on settlement with the taxing authority.


The Company and its subsidiaries file separate foreign, state and local income tax returns and, accordingly, provide for such income taxes on a separate company basis.



Goodwill represents the excess of the purchase price over the fair value of net assets acquired in purchase business combinations. The Company has determined that it consists of a single reporting unit for the purpose of the goodwill impairment test. The Company performs its annual impairment analysis on September 30 based on a comparison of the Company’s market capitalization to its book value at that date. On September 30, 2012, 2011 and 2010, the Company concluded that there was no impairment because the Company’s market capitalization was above book value. On October 31, 2012 and 2011, the Company’s market capitalization was above book value. The Company’s policy is that impairment of goodwill will have occurred if the market capitalization of the Company were to remain below book value for a reasonable period of time. If the Company determines an impairment has occurred, it will perform a second test to determine the amount of the impairment loss. In the second test, the fair value of the Company is estimated using comparable industry multiples of cash flows as part of an effort to measure the value of implied goodwill.

Concentration of Risk

Concentration of Risk:

The Company sells its products to a large number of geographically diverse customers in a number of different industries, thus spreading the trade credit risk. The Company extends credit based on an evaluation of the customer’s financial condition, generally without requiring collateral. The Company performs ongoing credit evaluations of its customers’ financial condition and maintains appropriate allowances for anticipated losses. No single customer accounted for more than 10% of net sales during any of the years in the three year period ended October 31, 2012. No single customer accounted for more than 10% of the Company’s account receivable balance at October 31, 2012 or 2011.

The Company purchases its resin from three principal suppliers that provided the Company with approximately 29%, 25% and 19%, respectively, of the Company’s fiscal 2012 resin supply, approximately 32%, 25% and 18%, respectively, of the Company’s fiscal 2011 resin supply and approximately 30%, 28% and 21%, respectively of the Company’s fiscal 2010 resin supply.

The Company has four collective bargaining agreements representing approximately 27% of its workforce that expire May 2013 (representing 5% of our workforce), November 2013, March 2014 and January 2015, respectively.

Earnings Per Share (EPS)

Earnings Per Share (EPS):

Basic earnings (loss) per share (“EPS”) is calculated by dividing net income (loss) by the weighted average number of shares of common stock outstanding during the period. Diluted EPS is calculated by dividing net income (loss) by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding, adjusted to reflect potentially dilutive securities (options) using the treasury stock method, except when the effect would be anti-dilutive.


The number of shares used in calculating basic and diluted earnings per share is as follows:


     For the Year Ended
October 31,
     2012      2011      2010  

Weighted average common shares outstanding:



     5,513,863         5,897,037         6,685,639   

Effect of dilutive securities:


Options to purchase shares of common stock

     51,767         38,685           











     5,565,630         5,935,722         6,685,639   










For the years ended October 31, 2012, 2011 and 2010 the Company had 10,000, 129,180 and 98,180 stock options outstanding, respectively, that could potentially dilute earnings per share in future periods but were excluded from the computation of diluted EPS as their exercise price was higher than the Company’s average stock price during those respective periods. For the year ended October 31, 2010, the Company had 42,575 stock options outstanding that could potentially dilute earnings per share in future periods that were excluded from the computation of diluted EPS because their effect would have been anti-dilutive.

Comprehensive Income

Comprehensive Income:

Comprehensive income consists of net income (loss) and other gains and losses that are not included in net income (loss), but are recorded directly in the consolidated statements of shareholders’ equity, such as the unrealized gains and losses on the translation of the assets and liabilities of the Company’s foreign operations and gains or losses, prior service costs and transition assets or obligations associated with pension benefits, net of tax, that have not been recognized as components of net periodic benefit cost, and changes in deferred prior service costs and net actuarial losses, net of tax.



Certain prior year amounts have been reclassified in order to conform to the 2012 presentation. The reclassifications had no effect on net income.

Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements

Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements

In September 2011, the FASB issued guidance for the impairment testing of goodwill. The guidance permits an entity to first assess qualitative factors to determine whether it is more-likely-than-not that the fair value of a reporting unit is less than its carrying amount as a basis for determining whether it is necessary to perform the two-step goodwill impairment test. This guidance is effective for annual and interim goodwill impairment tests performed for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2011. The Company believes the adoption of this guidance will not have an impact on its financial statements.

In June 2011, the FASB issued guidance which requires an entity to present the total of comprehensive income, the components of net income, and the components of other comprehensive income either in a single continuous statement of comprehensive income, or in two separate but consecutive statements. This guidance eliminates the option to report components of other comprehensive income as part of the statement of equity. The Company implemented this guidance effective for its second quarter ending April 30, 2012. The adoption of this guidance impacted only the presentation of the financial statements.

The Company has implemented all new accounting pronouncements that are in effect and that may impact its financial statements and does not believe that there are any other new accounting pronouncements that have been issued that might have a material impact on its financial position or results of operations.