Component: (Network and Table)
2201201 - Disclosure - Company and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies (Policies)
Slicers (applies to each fact value in each table cell)
Organization, Consolidation and Presentation of Financial Statements [Abstract]Period [Axis]
2011-07-01 - 2012-06-30
Organization, Consolidation and Presentation of Financial Statements [Abstract]
Basis of Presentation, Policy
The accompanying consolidated financial statements as of June 30, 2012 and 2011 and for each of the years in the two-year period ended June 30, 2012 include the accounts of Adept and its wholly owned subsidiaries. All significant intercompany transactions and balances are eliminated upon consolidation. Adept includes consolidated financial statements for two fiscal years in its Annual Report on Form 10-K as a smaller reporting company.
Unless otherwise indicated, references to any year in these Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements refer to Adept’s fiscal year ended June 30.
Use of Estimates, Policy
The preparation of financial statements in conformity with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (“GAAP”) requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the dates of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting periods. Actual results could differ from those estimates.
Foreign Currency, Policy
The Company’s foreign subsidiaries’ balance sheet accounts are translated at current period ending exchange rates and statements of operations accounts are translated at the average rate for the period. Translation gains and losses are recorded as a separate component of accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) in stockholders’ equity.
Cash and Cash Equivalents, Policy
The Company considers all highly liquid investments purchased with an original maturity of three months or less to be cash equivalents.
Short-Term Investments, Policy
Realized gains or losses, interest, and dividends are included in interest income.
Short-term investments typically consist of marketable securities and money market investments with maturities between three and twelve months. Investments are classified as held-to-maturity, trading, or available-for-sale at the time of purchase.
Inventory, Policy
Inventories are stated at the lower of standard cost or market value.
The inventory valuation provisions are based on an excess and obsolete systems report, which captures all obsolete parts and products and all other inventory, which have quantities on hand in excess of one year’s projected demand. Individual line item exceptions are identified for either inclusion or exclusion from the inventory valuation provision. The materials control group and cost accounting function monitor the line item exceptions and make periodic adjustments as necessary.
Warranty, Policy
The Company provides for the estimated cost of product warranties at the time revenue is recognized. Factors that affect the Company’s warranty liability include the number of installed units, historical and anticipated rates of warranty claims, and costs per claim for repair or replacement. While the Company engages in extensive product quality programs and processes, including actively monitoring and evaluating the quality of its components suppliers, the Company’s warranty obligation is affected by product failure rates, material usage and service labor and delivery costs incurred in correcting a product failure. Should actual product failure rates, material usage, service labor or delivery costs differ from the Company’s estimates, revisions to the estimated warranty liability would be required.
Accounts Receivables and Allowance for Doubtful Accounts, Policy
Adept maintains allowances for doubtful accounts for estimated losses resulting from the inability of its customers to make required payments, and such losses have been within management’s expectations. Adept assesses the customer’s ability to pay based on a number of factors, including its past transaction history with the customer and creditworthiness of the customer. Management specifically analyzes accounts receivable and historical bad debts, customer concentrations, customer creditworthiness, current economic trends and changes in the Company’s customer payment terms when evaluating the adequacy of the allowances for doubtful accounts. If the financial condition of the customers were to deteriorate in the future, resulting in an impairment of their ability to make payments, additional allowances may be required. Uncollectible accounts receivable are written off against the allowance for doubtful accounts when all efforts to collect them have been exhausted, and recoveries are recognized when they are received.
Adept’s policy is to record specific allowances against known doubtful accounts. An additional allowance is also calculated based on 0.5% of consolidated accounts receivable. Specific allowances are netted out of the respective receivable balances for purposes of calculating this additional allowance. On an ongoing basis, Adept evaluates the creditworthiness of customers and, should the default rate change or the financial positions of Adept customers change, Adept may increase this additional allowance percentage.
Property and Equipment, Policy
Depreciation is computed using the straight-line method over the estimated useful lives of the assets, which range from three to five years.
Property and equipment are recorded at cost.
Capitalization of Software Development Costs, Policy
The Company begins capitalizing software development costs upon the establishment of technological feasibility, which is established upon the completion of a working model or a detailed program design. Costs incurred prior to technological feasibility are charged to expense as incurred. Capitalization ceases when the product is considered available for general release to customers. Capitalized software development costs are amortized to costs of revenues over the estimated economic lives of the software products based on product life expectancy. Generally, estimated economic lives of the software products do not exceed three years.
Goodwill and Intangible Assets, Policy
Goodwill is recorded when the consideration paid for an acquisition exceeds the fair value of net tangible and intangible assets acquired. Acquisition-related intangible assets with finite lives are amortized on a straight-line basis over their economic lives.
Goodwill is measured and tested for impairment on an annual basis at a reporting unit level at the end of Adept’s fiscal year or more frequently if the Company believes indicators of impairment exist. Adept has chosen June 30th as the annual date to perform the goodwill evaluation. Triggering events for impairment reviews may include indicators such as adverse industry or economic trends, restructuring actions, lower projections of profitability, or a sustained decline in the Company’s market capitalization. The performance of the test involves a two-step process. The first step requires comparing the fair value of each of Adept’s reporting units to its net book value, including goodwill. We have defined our reporting units at the business unit level, one level below our reportable segments. Determining the fair value of a reporting unit is judgmental in nature and involves the use of significant estimates and assumptions. These estimates and assumptions include revenue growth rates and forecasted operating margins used to calculate projected future cash flows, risk-adjusted discount rates, future economic and market conditions and determination of appropriate market comparables. We base our fair value estimates on assumptions we believe to be reasonable. Actual future results may differ from those estimates. Future competitive, market and economic conditions could negatively impact key assumptions including our market capitalization or the carrying value of our net assets which could require us to realize an impairment of our goodwill and intangible assets.
A potential impairment exists if the fair value of the reporting unit is lower than its net book value. The second step of the process is only performed if a potential impairment exists, and it involves determining the difference between the fair value of the reporting unit’s net assets other than goodwill to the fair value of the reporting unit and if the difference is less than the net book value of goodwill, an impairment exists and is recorded.
Impairment of Long-Lived Assets, Policy
Adept reviews the carrying values of long-lived assets whenever events or changes in circumstances, such as significant decreases in the market price, reductions in demand, lower projections of profitability, significant changes in the manner of the Company’s use of acquired assets, or significant negative industry or economic trends, indicate that the net book value of an asset may not be recovered through expected future cash flows from its use and eventual disposition. If this review indicates the carrying value of the asset exceeds the fair value and the carrying amount of the asset is not recoverable, an impairment loss is recognized by writing down the impaired asset to its fair value, which is typically calculated using: (i) quoted market prices and/or (ii) discounted expected future cash flows utilizing a discount rate. At June 30, 2012, Adept analyzed a number of factors, including profitability projections, economic trends and market price in regards to the Company’s intangible assets, and determined a review of the carrying value of the intangible assets was not necessary.
Revenue Recognition, Policy
The Company generates revenues primarily from sales of production automation equipment and parts, and to a lesser extent from support and service activities associated with this equipment. Non-software product revenue consists primarily of sales of robots, refurbished robots and spare parts. Adept recognizes non-software product revenue when persuasive evidence of a non-cancelable arrangement exists, delivery has occurred and/or services have been rendered, the price is fixed or determinable, collectability is reasonably assured, legal title and economic risk is transferred to the customer, and when an economic exchange has taken place. The Company uses the signed purchase contract or purchase order as evidence of an arrangement. Product revenues are normally recognized at the point of shipment from Adept facilities since title and risk of loss passes to the customers at that time. Customers have no right of return other than for product defects covered by Adept’s warranty. Adept maintains a warranty liability based on its historical warranty experience and management’s best estimate of Adept’s warranty liability at each balance sheet date. There are no acceptance criteria on Adept’s standard non-software products. The Company does not deem the fee to be fixed or determinable where a significant portion of the price is due after Adept’s normal payment terms, which are 30 to 90 days from the invoice date. In recording revenue, management exercises judgment about the collectability of receivables based on a number of factors, including the customer’s past payment history and its current creditworthiness. If the Company concludes that collection is not reasonably assured, then the revenue is deferred until the uncertainty is removed, generally upon receipt of payment. The Company’s experience is that it has been able to reliably determine whether collection is reasonably assured.
Adept’s robots and controllers have features that are enabled or enhanced through the use of software enabling tools and other software elements, which are embedded within its robot and controller products. Adept’s software enabling tools or other software elements do not operate independently of the robots or controllers, and they are not sold separately and cannot be used without the robots or controllers. The Company also sells optional software used to enhance capability of its products. Adept believes that the software component of its products is incidental to its products and services taken as a whole.
Service and Support revenue consists primarily of sales of spare parts and refurbished robots. Service revenue also includes training, consulting and customer support, the latter of which includes all field service activities; i.e., maintenance, repairs, system modifications or upgrades. Revenues from training and consulting are recognized at the time the service is performed and the customer has accepted the work. These services are not essential to the product functionality and, therefore, do not bear on the revenue recognition policy for Adept’s component products.
Deferred revenues represent payments received from customers in advance of the delivery of products and/or services, or before the satisfaction of all revenue recognition requirements enumerated above, as well as cases in which the Company has invoiced the customer but cannot yet recognize the revenue for the same reasons discussed above.
Revenue for robot refurbishment relates to Adept-owned or customer-owned refurbished robots and components. Adept receives parts returned from customers under warranty contracts, or Adept purchases surplus used parts available from customers or suppliers. These parts traditionally have a lower cost, and internal analysis indicates that on average Adept pays a percentage of the new part cost to acquire these components. The standard cost for acquired parts is therefore set at such percentage of cost. By contrast, the cost basis starting point for customer-owned refurbished or repaired robots is zero since Adept does not own the robots. For all refurbishment and remanufacturing Adept tracks all related costs and activities (materials and labor) required to bring the robots up to standard using work orders. This revenue stream is included within the Services and Support segment.
Shipping and Handling Cost, Policy [Policy Text Block]
Adept manages incoming and outgoing product shipments through a third party shipping manager. Outgoing product is primarily shipped by customer-selected carriers and freight costs are billed directly to the customer. Incoming material is usually shipped via Adept-selected carriers with freight cost incurred by Adept and recorded as cost of revenues, as title transfers at time of shipment.
Research, Development, Engineering Costs, Policy
Research, development and engineering (“R&D”) costs are expensed as incurred, with the exception of software development costs incurred subsequent to establishing technological feasibility and up to the general release of the software products that are capitalized. Technological feasibility is demonstrated by the completion of a working model or a detailed program design. Capitalized costs are amortized on a straight-line basis over either two or three years, whichever term is the estimated life of the software product.
Advertising Costs, Policy
Advertising costs are expensed in the period incurred.
Income Tax, Policy
The liability method is used to account for income taxes. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are determined based on differences between the financial reporting and tax bases of assets and liabilities and are measured using the enacted tax rates and laws that will be in effect when the differences are expected to reverse. The Company records a valuation allowance to reduce deferred tax assets to the amount that is expected to be realized on a more-likely-than-not basis. Deferred tax expense results from the change in the net deferred tax asset or liability between periods.
Net Loss Per Share, Policy
Basic EPS excludes dilution and is computed by dividing net loss available to common stockholders by the weighted-average number of common shares outstanding for the period. Diluted EPS reflects the potential dilution that could occur if securities or other contracts to issue common stock were exercised or converted into common stock or resulted in the issuance of common stock that then participates in the earnings (loss) of the Company. Unless their effect is antidilutive, dilutive common equivalent shares consist of stock options and restricted stock calculated using the treasury stock method.
Contingencies, Policy
If Adept determines, after consideration of all known facts and consultation with legal counsel, that a loss related to the potential matter is neither probable nor cannot be reasonably determined or estimated as of the date of issuance of its fiscal period-end reports, the Company would not accrue for the potential liability. If a loss is material and reasonably possible related to the matter, the Company would disclose the relevant facts of the matter along with an estimated loss amount or range if such amount or range can be reasonably determined or estimated.
New Accounting Pronouncements, Policy
In September 2011, the FASB issued an update to Accounting Standards Codification Topic 350, Intangibles, Goodwill and Other (“ASC 350”), amending the process used to determine whether the two-step quantitative goodwill impairment test needs to be performed. The update states that an entity would not be required to calculate the fair value of a reporting unit unless the entity determines, based on a qualitative assessment, that it is more likely than not that its fair value is less than its carrying amount. The amendment is effective for annual and interim impairment tests for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2011. Early adoption is permitted, including for annual and interim goodwill impairment tests performed as of a date before September 15, 2011, if an entity’s financial statements for the most recent annual or interim period have not yet been issued. Adept anticipates ASC 350 may change the Company's determination on when the two-step impairment testing is performed on goodwill and intangible assets, however adoption is not expected to have an impact to the Company's financial position.
In December 2011, the FASB issued an update to Accounting Standards Codification Topic 210, Balance Sheet (“ASC 210”), amending the requirement for an entity to disclose information about offsetting and related arrangements to enable users of its financial statements to understand the effect of those arrangements on its financial position. This information will enable users of an entity's financial statements to evaluate the effect or potential effect of netting arrangements on an entity's financial position, including the effect or potential effect of rights of set off associated with certain financial instruments and derivative instruments. An entity is required to apply the amendments for annual reporting periods beginning on or after January 1, 2013, and interim periods within those annual periods. An entity should provide the disclosures required by those amendments retrospectively for all comparative periods presented. The adoption is not expected to have an impact on the Company's financial position.
Fair Values, Policy
The carrying amounts for cash, accounts receivable, accounts payable, and line of credit approximate fair value due to the short-term nature of these instruments or the adjustable interest rate associated with debt. The only asset or liability required to be reflected at fair value at June 30, 2012 or 2011 was cash and cash equivalents.