Expected warranty costs for products sold are recognized principally at the time of sale of the product based on estimates of the amount that will eventually be required to settle such obligations. These accruals are based on factors such as past experience, production changes, industry developments and various other considerations. These estimates are adjusted from time to time based on facts and circumstances that impact the status of existing claims. Delphi has recognized its best estimate for its total aggregate warranty reserves across all of its operating segments as of December 31, 2013. The estimated reasonably possible amount to ultimately resolve all matters are not materially different from the recorded reserves as of December 31, 2013.
The table below summarizes the activity in the product warranty liability for the years ended December 31, 2013 and 2012:
Year Ended December 31,
Accrual balance at beginning of year
Provision for estimated warranties incurred during the year
Provision for changes in estimate for pre-existing warranties
Settlements made during the year (in cash or in kind)
Foreign currency translation and other
Accrual balance at end of year
In 2009, Delphi received information regarding potential warranty claims related to certain components supplied by Delphi’s Powertrain segment. In 2010, Delphi recorded a change in the previous estimate of probable loss related to this matter by recognizing warranty expense in cost of sales of $75 million. This adjustment resulted in a corresponding $75 million decrease in net income attributable to Delphi and a corresponding unfavorable earnings per share impact of $0.11 for the year ended December 31, 2010. In March 2011, Delphi reached a settlement with its customer related to warranty claims on certain components previously supplied by Delphi’s Powertrain segment and reflected a change in its previous estimate of probable loss as a result of the settlement agreement by recognizing $76 million of warranty expense in cost of sales. This adjustment resulted in a corresponding $76 million decrease in net income attributable to Delphi and a corresponding unfavorable earnings per share impact of $0.18 for the year ended December 31, 2011. In April 2011, in accordance with the terms of the settlement agreement, Delphi made a payment of €90 million (approximately $133 million at April 30, 2011 exchange rates) and in April 2012, Delphi made the final scheduled payment of €60 million (approximately $80 million at April 30, 2012 exchange rates) related to this matter. In September 2012, as a result of favorable warranty claims experience, Delphi reached a final settlement with its customer related to ongoing warranty claims for production subsequent to the March 2011 settlement, and recorded a change in its previous estimate of warranty claims by recognizing a $25 million reduction of warranty expense in cost of sales in September 2012. This adjustment resulted in a corresponding $25 million increase in net income attributable to Delphi and a corresponding favorable earnings per share impact of $0.08 for the year ended December 31, 2012.